Procurement-Закупки.How to speak in public.Business terms.Английский для бизнеса

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Procurement-Закупки. How to speak in public. Business terms


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Деловой английский язык.Закупки-Procurement

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Тема: Procurement - Закупки

Видео: How to speak in public - What is Procurement?

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 Тема: Procurement - Закупки


What is procurement?

Procurement is the acquisition of appropriate goods and/or services at the best possible total cost of ownership to meet the needs of the purchaser in terms of quality and quantity, time, and location. Corporations and public bodies often define processes intended to promote fair and open competition for their business while minimizing exposure to fraud and collusion.

Almost all purchasing decisions include factors such as delivery and handling, marginal benefit, and price fluctuations. Procurement generally involves making buying decisions under conditions of scarcity. If good data is available, it is good practice to make use of economic analysis methods such as cost-benefit analysis or cost-utility analysis.

An important distinction is made between analysis without risk and those with risk. Where risk is involved, either in the costs or the benefits, the concept of expected value may be employed.

Based on the consumption purposes of the acquired goods and services, procurement activities are often split into two distinct categories. The first category being direct, production-related procurement and the second being indirect, non-production-related procurement.

Direct procurement occurs in manufacturing settings only. It encompasses all items that are part of finished products, such as raw material, components and parts. Direct procurement, which is the focus in supply chain management, directly affects the production process of manufacturing firms. In contrast, indirect procurement activities concern “operating resources” that a company purchases to enable its operations. It comprises a wide variety of goods and services, from standardised low value items like office supplies and machine lubricants to complex and costly products and services like heavy equipment and consulting services.

procurement - закупки, снабжение, поставка

acquisition - приобретение, закупка

fraud - обман, мошенничество

collusion - сговор, тайное соглашение

delivery - поставка, доставка

handling - обработка, перемещение, погрузочные работы

marginal benefit - предельная выгода

price fluctuations - колебания цен или курсов ценных бумаг

scarcity - недостаток, дефицит

cost-benefit analysis - анализ затрат и результатов

cost-utility analysis - анализ затрат и выгоды

expected value - ожидаемая ценность

supply chain management - управление сетью поставок

lubricants - смазочные материалы



Procurement vs acquisition

The US Defense Acquisition University (DAU) defines procurement as the act of buying goods and services for the government.
DAU defines acquisition as the conceptualization, initiation, design, development, test, contracting, production, deployment, Logistics Support (LS), modification, and disposal of weapons and other systems, supplies, or services (including construction) to satisfy Department of Defense needs, intended for use in or in support of military missions.
Acquisition is therefore a much wider concept than procurement, covering the whole life cycle of acquired systems.


deployment - развертывание 

disposal - расположение, диспозиция

Answer the question: How can you define two categories of procurement, direct and indirect?



 Видео: How to speak in public - What is procurement?

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